Types of Employment
We have different priorities, commitments and plans in our lives. Similarly, the same type of employment simply cannot suit everyone’s lifestyle. Luckily, there are different types to choose from. Read on to find out which one would match your needs.
Full-time employment means that you are required to work daily a fixed number of hours (8 or more) specified by your employee. Usually, the compensation package besides your wage will include other benefits such as sick-leave, paid vacation, health insurance and so on. Plus, a full-time job can be easily turned into a career.
The advantages of having a full-time job:
- fixed salary regardless of the monthly workflow
- a full-time job usually pays more than a part-time job
- benefits and bonuses
- the possibility of getting promoted
The disadvantages of having a full-time job:
- fixed schedules
- less free time
The major difference between full-time and part-time jobs is the number of hours you have to work. In case of a part-time job, the required work hours are less than 30-35 a week. Students and stay-at-home-moms usually prefer flexible part time jobs while people with financial obligations need to work full time for a bigger income.
The advantages of having a part-time job:
- fewer hours per week
- you have time to meet other expectations such as learning for a test, bringing up your child
The disadvantages of having a part-time job:
- a part-time job pays less than a full-time job
- usually there are no benefits and bonuses besides your salary
- limited promotion prospects
On-call or standby employment usually does not require you to remain at the premises all the time. You will work only when you are needed, but this also means you will have to have your cell phone and laptop with you all the time.
The advantages of on-call employment:
- flexible schedule
- working only when there is work to do
- more time for personal pursuits
The disadvantages of on-call employment:
- you must be reachable (by phone and/or by e-mail) at all times
- might be required to work at inconvenient hours
- might need to drive for long distances
As a freelancer you’d be self-employed or an independent contractor who does not work to an employer for a long term. You could be subdued to one or many contracts at the same time, working on a different projects. The most common fields for freelancing are the ones that require creativity such as photography, web design, journalism, art, translating, consulting and so on.
The advantages of working as a freelancer:
- setting your own work schedule
- control over projects you work on
- usually you can work from a distance
The disadvantages of working as a freelancer:
- lack of a stable money income
- no benefits such as health insurance, paid vacation, etc.
Work from Home or Telecommuting
As a home worker, you could work either in full-time or in part-time from home or from any other premise you choose. Due to the development of communication technology the number of telecommuters has increased significantly during the last decades. So, you might want to consider seriously the advantages and disadvantages of working from the comfort of your home.
The advantages of working from home:
- flexible working hours
- no transportation needed
The disadvantages of working from home:
- no promotion possibilities
- might end up feeling isolated
- no special bonuses
- time management might be a challenge
Apprenticeships and Internships
Apprenticeships are basically vocational trainings focusing on practical activities from a non academic field (for example: carpentry, masonry, constructions). The apprentices learn the skills necessary to the chosen trade by working under an experienced tradesman. The internships are similar on-the-job trainings but these are designed for those students and graduates who wish to have white-collar professions (for example: lawyers, journalists, programmers).
The advantages of apprenticeships/internships:
- gaining of experience
- learning practical skills
- creating a network of professional contacts
- getting school credits
- after finishing the apprenticeship/internship you might be offered a permanent employment at the same company
The disadvantages of apprenticeships/internships:
- it is either voluntary or pays very little
- no benefits
- it is temporary